Identify and discuss the research question, hypothesis, sampling size, and research findings

Present in a PowerPoint format  a summary of a Quantitative Research article.

• Article must be a peer-reviewed research study and related to a current healthcare issue or trend.

State: Florida

• Article must have been published within last 5 years.

  •  • Identify and discuss the research question, hypothesis, sampling size, and research findings of

References must be in APA 7th edition format.

Attached research article used

Do you subscribe to a specific trade journal, or have you been to any professional conferences or workshops?

this week’s blog, compose a Professional Philosophy Statement, sometimes referred to as a work statement. This can be a valuable document to include with an application or portfolio, but it is also helpful preparation for interview questions.  This statement will be included as part of your final e-Portfolio that is due in Week Four. Your Professional Philosophy Statement should be 250-500 words.

As you consider what to include in your statement, keep in mind the things that employers find valuable: organization, resourcefulness, work ethic, creativity, motivation, perseverance, adaptability, strong written and verbal communication, and so on. You can address technical skills that you possess, but do not overlook “soft” skills like solid time-management and those listed above.

Do not simply detail your work experience; that is what your resume is for. Instead, the Professional Philosophy Statement should encapsulate your personal perspective or approach to work—any kind. What do you believe in? What do you bring to the workplace? What is unique to you? What will you do to help you and your colleagues succeed? Put your best foot forward, but always present an authentic picture of yourself. Do not fabricate or exaggerate.

This is also not a cover letter, so don’t pretend you are applying for a job. This is an articulation of who you are and what you believe in.Many find it helpful to share a brief anecdote that highlights a personal viewpoint towards hard work. This I Believe is a website that calls itself a “public dialog about belief.”

You may also consider touching on current trends within your field and how you keep up with such trends. For example, do you belong to a professional organization? Do you subscribe to a specific trade journal, or have you been to any professional conferences or workshops? If so, what is one piece of knowledge or a specific skill you acquired that you have utilized, or plan to utilize, in your day to day work?

Identify and discuss the research questions, sampling and sampling sizes, research designs (qualitative vs. quantitative), hypothesis, data collection methods, and research findings. 

Literature Review

• Critique quality of the literature reviews conducted for two different types of studies- a quantitative and qualitative research.

• Identify and discuss the research questions, sampling and sampling sizes, research designs (qualitative vs. quantitative), hypothesis, data collection methods, and research findings.

• Discuss the credibility of the sources and the research/researchers findings.

• 400-word minimum/550-word maximum without the references.

• Minimum of 3 references (the course textbook must be one of the references) in APA format, must have been published within last 3-5 years.


In one page, describe your philosophy of nursing.

In one page, describe your philosophy of nursing.

The definition of a philosophy is having a personal and specific outlook and approach you can use to make decisions and take action. Your philosophy of nursing should include your beliefs and attitudes about nursing, being a nurse, your approach to caring for others. It can also include your attitudes about working in healthcare facilities, working as part of a team, or even how you feel about people in general.

Unit 2 Discussion – Analyzing Social Problems

Unit 2 Discussion – Analyzing Social Problems

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Discussion: Unit 2,

Analyzing Social Problems


In this week’s learning module, we differentiated individuals from social problems. In this discussion, we will sharpen our understanding of these concepts while developing skills to analyze current events. There are 2 components to this discussion that you must complete for full credit.

First, apply these concepts to the real world. Please choose 1 individual problem and 1 social problem related to the technological advancement you discussed in Unit 1. Drawing insights from the Unit 2 topics, please answer the following questions:

  • What 2 problems did you choose?
  • What makes the first topic an individual problem?
  • What makes the second topic a social problem?

Second, Describe the strategies you used to define, describe, and analyze these problems. Drawing insights from the Unit 2 topics, please answer the following questions:

  • What databases did you search for sources used to answer questions from the previous section?
  • What key terms did you use to select a list of sources?
  • What criteria did you use to select articles from the list you collected?
  • What are the pros/cons of each of your strategic decisions?

The Library of Congress (Links to an external site.) has established an index of social issues in the United States. Please reach out to the instructor with any questions about this assignment.

Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.

This topic is valued at 40 points. Please review post and response expectations. Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets the criteria (Read Me First Section of the Course).

nursing research

nursing research

post- marianne

 Respond in a positive way to your  colleagues by comparing the differential diagnostic features of the  disorder you were assigned to the diagnostic features of the disorder  your colleagues were assigned. 

NOTE: Bellow is attached the document with my assigned disorder 

                                                          Main Post

Delirium  is an acute intermittent neuropsychiatric condition generally  reversible but serious condition that occurs in all age groups but high  risk in the elderly(Gabbard, 2014).  It ultimately represents the decompensation of brain function as a  result of one or more pathophysiological processes(Fong, 2009). Delirium  is linked with a variety of negative effects, leading to extended  hospital stay, institutional care demands, poor functioning and high  medical costs(Fong, 2009).Due to these negative consequences it is essential to prevent, detect and treat delirium as early as possible.

Diagnostic criteria

Accordint to the DSM-5, diagnostic criteria for delirium is :

A.  A disturbance in attention (i.e., reduced ability to direct, focus,  sustain, and shift attention) and awareness (reduced orientation to the  environment) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

B.The  disturbance develops over a short period of time (usually hours to a  few days), represents a change from baseline attention and awareness,  and tends to fluctuate in severity during the course of a day(American  Psychiatric Association, 2013).

C.An  additional disturbance in cognition (e.g., memory deficit,  disorientation, language, visuospatial ability, or perception) (American  Psychiatric Association, 2013).

D.The  disturbances in Criteria A and C are not better explained by another  preexisting, established, or evolving neurocognitive disorder and do not  occur in the context of a severely reduced level of arousal, such as  coma(American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

E.There  is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory  findings that the disturbance is a direct physiological consequence of  another medical condition, substance intoxication or withdrawal( due to a  drug of abuse or to a medication), or exposure to a toxin, or is due to  multiple etiologies(American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

 Psychotherapy and Psychopharmacologic Treatment 

Delirium  is a medical emergency that involves proper diagnosis, recognition of  the cause and management of symptoms.The first-line treatment is to  identify and address pre- disposing factors, provide supportive care,  and manage symptoms through behavioral strategies(Fong, 2009). Treatment  is geared toward symptom management and patient centered.Medications  are used to control agitation and reverse hyperactive delirium (Fong,  2009).Medication treatment includes antipsychotics such as haloperidol  and chlorpromazine.The goals of these pharmacological agents is to  reduce agitation and address other symptoms associated with hyperactive  deliria (Gabbard, 2014).Non-pharmacological  treatment of delirium stresses the removal or reduction of medical,  sensory and environmental factors that can lead to delirium,such as  modifying sensory deficits in order to improve engagement with the  environment, particularly when coupled with sufficient intellectual  stimulation during wake-up hours (Gabbard, 2014).Lastly,  immoboizing devices can be used but should be reserved when harm to  self and others is immenent, and should be short and behaviroal targeted(Gabbard, 2014).

Benefits and Risks of Therapy

When choosing any drug, attention should always be given to the possible advantages,

dangers  and pressures of each medicine, as well as to the patient and family  care priorities (Grover, 2018).The use of antipsychotics have many  adverse effects that include sedation, wiegth gain, changes in appetite,  cardiac effects(such as QT prolongation), neaurological effects, falls  and long term need for use that is inappropriate but in many cases it is  the best course of action.According to Fong (2009), studies some  beneficial roles of antipsychotics such as lowering severity of delirum,  reducing harm to self and others are the main reasons why these agents  are used.However, Grover (2018), emphasizes that antipsychotics for the  treatment of delirium in adult inpatients did not improve patient  outcomes, with little evidence of neurologic harms but a tendency for  more frequent potentially harmful cardiac effects.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders   (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Fong, T. G., Tulebaev, S. R., & Inouye, S. K. (2009). Delirium in elderly adults: diagnosis,   prevention and treatment. Nature reviews. Neurology, 5(4), 210–220.   doi:10.1038/nrneurol.2009.24 Mayo Clinic. 2018. Delirium. 

Gabbard, G.O.(2014). Gabbard’s treatment of psychiatric disorders(5th ed.).Washington, DC:   American Psychiatric Publications

Grover, S., & Avasthi, A. (2018). Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Delirium in   Elderly. Indian journal of psychiatry, 60(Suppl 3), S329–S340.

Week 5 HW

It is about how you use genre conventions in your own life, when you write a text, make a Facebook post, or send out a tweet on Twitter. 

post Tania

 Respond to  your colleagues who were  assigned a different disorder than you. Compare the differential  diagnostic features of the disorder you were assigned to the diagnostic  features of the disorder your colleagues were assigned. What are their  similarities and differences? How might you differentiate the two  diagnoses? 

                                                            Main Post


Opioid Use Disorder 

Substance  use disorder is a major public health problem in the United States.  This is a problem that is associated with increased morbidity,  mortality, and cost of care. It suffices to say that the health care  delivery system is significantly burdened by issues that are associated  with substance use disorder. Data from 1995 to 2018 shows that there has  been an increase in the prevalence rate the use of cannabis as well as  other illegal drugs and analgesics (Seitz et al., 2019). This shows how  substance abuse presents a serious problem for the health care system.  when discussing substance abuse and related disorders, it is very hard  to ignore the opioid epidemic in the country. The opioid epidemic is a  crisis that has taken millions of lives over the last few decades. This  crisis was initially worsened by an augmented use of pharmaceutical  opioids. Currently, most deaths due to opioid are caused by overdosing  on heroin as well as the illegally manufactured synthetic opioid that is  referred to as fentanyl (Lyden & Binswanger, 2019). Death is not  the only negative outcome of the crisis. Opioid use is also associated  with disorders. Opioid use disorder shall form the description of this  paper where the diagnostic criteria shall be presented first. The paper  shall then discuss the treatment of opioid use disorder using  psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic interventions. Finally, the  clinical features of the disorder shall be discussed with reference to  the DSM-5 criteria.

Diagnostic Criteria 

Opioid  use disorder is described as a pattern of opioid use that is  problematic, leading to clinically significant distress or impairment.  The distress or impairment should be manifested by at least two symptoms  from a list that is provided in the DSM-5. This manifestation should  last at least 12 months to make a correct diagnosis (APA, 2013).  Notably, if a person exhibits 2-3 symptoms, this is considered a mild  case. If there are 4-5 symptoms, this is considered moderate, and 6 or  more symptoms demonstrate a severe case. The symptoms as provided in the  DSM-5  list include taking opioids in larger amounts or longer period  than intended, persistent desire or uncontrolled effort to moderate or  stop using opioids, spending so much time using, acquiring and  recovering from the use, craving for opioids, failing to fulfill  important obligations in life due to opioid use, continued use  regardless of social and interpersonal problems that are worsened by the  use of opioids, giving up social, occupational and recreational  activities due to opioid use, using opioids in situations that are  hazardous, and continued use of opioids with the knowledge that it is  causing or exacerbating physical or psychological problems. Notably,  having a high tolerance for opioids in order to achieve the desire to  consume as well as suffering from withdrawals are also symptoms to  include in the list but do not apply in cases where opioids are used  solely for medication purposes (APA, 2013).  


The  most effective psychotherapeutic approach in the treatment of opioid  use disorder is cognitive behavioral therapy. In one study, the  accessibility, feasibility, and efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy  in the treatment of opioid use disorder was confirmed (Barry et al.,  2019). This approach is effective in preventing relapse and it is also  known to work in preventing those that are taking opioid medications for  pain from starting to use other illicit opioid substances. The use of  psychotherapy as discussed entails rehabilitation as well as  maintenance. While rehabilitation focuses on the use of cognitive  behavioral therapy, maintenance includes psychological support and  patients are always encouraged to join support groups such as an  anonymous program. Education and reward cooperation can be the benefits  of these support groups (Dydyk, Jain & Gupta, 2020). In addition,  when group approaches are used, patients get to benefit from therapeutic  factors such as universality and guidance. The maintenance phase may  also require the use of medications. 

Psychopharmacologic Treatment 

When  cognitive behavioral therapy is used in combination with medication, it  is said to be most effective in the treatment of opioid use disorder  (Dydyk, Jain & Gupta, 2020). Drugs are used for opioid replacement,  maintenance, and substitution therapy. Thus, the drugs that are commonly  used include Methadone and Buprenorphine. They are always provided  under supervision. These drugs are longer acting though they are not as  addictive and euphoric as the illicit opioid drugs. The mentioned drugs  are mu opioid receptor agonists, and they are used as opioid  substitutions even though they have dissimilar pharmacodynamic and  pharmacokinetic properties (Noble & Marie, 2019). Other medications  that are used include Naltrexone that helps in reducing the urge to use,  hence maintaining abstinence and Lofexidine which may be used to treat  side effects associated with withdrawal.

Clinical Features 

 In  a person that presents to the clinic and is diagnosed with opioid use  disorder, they may have slurred speech, pinpoint pupils as well as  sedation. On of the criterion for the disorder is tolerance. This is  requiring high amounts to quench the desire. In such cases, patients may  not present with acute symptoms. This may also be true in cases where  the patient has used a dose that is typical for them. Most acute cases  are emergencies due to overdosing (Strain, Saxon & Hermann, 2015).  It is therefore very important for any health worker to be keen in  identifying the acute symptoms, especially emergency cases in order to  prevent deaths due to overdosing of opioids, something that is very  common.


Barry,  D. T., Beitel, M., Cutter, C. J., Fiellin, D. A., Kerns, R. D., Moore,  B. A., … & Schottenfeld, R. S. (2019). An evaluation of the  feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of  cognitive-behavioral therapy for opioid use disorder and chronic pain. Drug and alcohol dependence194, 460-467

Dydyk, A. M., Jain, N. K., & Gupta, M. (2020). Opioid Use Disorder. Retrieved from

Lyden, J., & Binswanger, I. A. (2019, April). The United States opioid epidemic. In Seminars in perinatology (Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 123-131). WB Saunders

Noble,  F., & Marie, N. (2019). Management of opioid addiction with opioid  substitution treatments: beyond methadone and buprenorphine. Frontiers in Psychiatry9, 742

Seitz,  N. N., Lochbühler, K., Atzendorf, J., Rauschert, C., Pfeiffer-Gerschel,  T., & Kraus, L. (2019). Trends in substance use and related  disorders: Analysis of the epidemiological survey of substance abuse 1995 to 2018. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International116(35-36), 585.

Strain,  E., Saxon, A. J., & Hermann, R. (2015). Opioid use disorder:  Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening,  assessment, and diagnosis. UpToDate, Post, TW, editor. UpToDate. Waltham, MA [cited 2018 Apr 1] 

Research article

Select a research article, other than the articles from your assignments, from the GCU library. Provide an overview of the study and describe the strategy that was used to select the sample from the population. Evaluate the effectiveness of the sampling method selected. Provide support for your answer. Include the article title and permalink in your post.

One paragraph required with one reference